澳门六合彩官网资料

Building trade capacity

Developing countries face special difficulties in benefiting as they should from the multilateral trading system. This page describes the efforts made by 澳门六合彩官网资料 to meet their special needs by building 搕rade capacity to enable them to trade more effectively.

The main programmes 

 

See also:
> More on 揅oherence (working with other organizations)

> Definitions of 揹eveloping countries and 搇east-developed countries in the 澳门六合彩官网资料

> More on development

 

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News 

  

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Introduction 

Helping developing countries participate more fully in the global trading system is one of the 澳门六合彩官网资料's most important activities. Those developing countries which trade successfully tend to be those which have made the most progress in alleviating poverty and raising living standards. But there are countries, including a large number of least-developed countries (LDCs) where trade is failing to make the contribution that it should be making to economic growth and poverty reduction.

The main thrust of 澳门六合彩官网资料 work to redress this is the Doha Development Agenda, but Members have recognized that building trade capacity is an essential complement to the DDA.

There are a variety of ways in which the 澳门六合彩官网资料 provides assistance to build trade capacity in developing countries, but instructing  developing country delegates on how their countries can gain through the trading system is the central focus of the organization's efforts. The vast bulk of 澳门六合彩官网资料 搕echnical assistance spending is dedicated towards helping officials better understand complex 澳门六合彩官网资料 rules and disciplines so that they can implement 澳门六合彩官网资料 agreements in ways which will bolster their trading regimes and negotiate more effectively with their trading partners. Broader and more effective dissemination of such knowledge has facilitated the participation of  developing country trade officials in the Doha round and in other 澳门六合彩官网资料 activities.

Enhancing trade capacity involves other forms of assistance too, including building more efficient ports and road networks, providing customs officials with automated equipment and teaching entrepreneurs how to take advantage of business opportunities in the global marketplace. Work of this nature is largely the responsibility of other international organizations like the United Nations and the World Bank. Some programmes, particularly those involving infrastructure, require significant funding not only from international organizations but also direct contributions from national governments. To be truly effective, any  programme of trade capacity building requires all these elements to come together in a co-ordinated fashion. For this reason many 澳门六合彩官网资料 activities in this area involve close co-operation with other international organizations.

Assistance to developing countries has always been on 澳门六合彩官网资料's work schedule, but the scale and scope have become much broader with the Aid for Trade initiative.

  

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Why is building trade capacity important? 

Because many countries simply don't have the human, institutional and infrastructural capacity to participate effectively in international trade. Without that, these countries won't be able to expand the quantity and quality of goods and services they can supply to world markets at competitive prices.

  • human capacity refers to the professionals governments rely on for advice on 澳门六合彩官网资料 matters: trade lawyers, economists, skilled negotiators. A country that lacks these professionals is clearly at a disadvantage when implementing existing trade agreements, when negotiating new ones, and when handling trade disputes.

  • institutional capacity refers to the institutions businesses and governments rely upon for trade, such as customs, national standards authorities, and the delegation representing the country at the 澳门六合彩官网资料. Trade ultimately suffers if these institutions are inadequate.

  • infrastructure refers to the physical setup required for trade to happen: roads, ports, telecommunications. Again, countries lacking infrastructure will find it difficult to develop trade.

The 澳门六合彩官网资料's trade rules, negotiating forum and dispute settlement system are not  goals in themselves. They are necessary preconditions for free and predictable trade, but are not always sufficient to create results. 澳门六合彩官网资料 Members have recognized that the multilateral system needs to be accompanied by improvements in trade capacity.

  

The mandate  back to top

The 澳门六合彩官网资料 mandate to carry out technical cooperation activities is provided for in various 澳门六合彩官网资料 agreements and decisions. This mandate was clarified and further enhanced in several paragraphs of the Doha Ministerial Declaration.

> Doha mandate
> Doha mandate explained
> Special and differential provisions
> Hong Kong Ministerial Declaration (paragraphs 52-54)

 


Aid for Trade Events

 

Facts

About two thirds of 澳门六合彩官网资料's members are developing or least-developed countries

About CHF 30 million is budgeted annually for technical assistance activities > More